Industrial Investment decision in Turkey

As far as the volume of most significant-rise properties goes, Istanbul is among the major ten metropolitan areas on earth. Istanbul will become a large-rise plaza heaven within the following 3 years. The City attained ninety,000 sq. metres of supplemental Workplace Area throughout the study course of 2007, and fifteen new developments are planned for completion because of the calendar year 2010.

This boost in professional real estate property in Istanbul is manifesting itself in additional purchasing malls, despite soaring desire prices inside the place, seems to not be as well impacted because of the financial current market shakes. Turkey as a current market is characterised by a frequently escalating population. Turkey’s projected inhabitants advancement amount amongst 2000 and 2050 is 43%, in opposition to the European fee of ten.three%. By 2050 it could have the biggest populace in Europe. It previously has among the turkish citizenship by investment list of youngest populations with a median age of 27 several years as opposed Together with the EU’s forty three yrs. Overseas real-estate buyers, who’ve joined with neighborhood businesses, have developed a big hunger to satisfy Turkey’s developing economic needs for professional financial investment outlets, office buildings and apartments with fashionable features.

The Istanbul marketplace exhibits an unlimited demand from customers throughout every kind of consumption, offering a normally really good customer local climate. As outlined by official figures from the retail trade, the relevant acquiring energy of Istanbul is roughly EUR1,600 for each inhabitant. Nevertheless the shadow economy approximated for being at the very least 40% of the general financial achievement, Given that real acquiring electricity would be clearly larger than this determine.

Based on the Global Direct Financial commitment FDI inflow, Turkey was fifth among the highest FDI attracting emerging markets in 2006 following China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Russia. The FDI inflow from European nations to Turkey designed up seventy four% of the whole FDI inflow to Turkey. The direct investment of European traders jumped to $14.7bn in 2006, up from $six.6bn in 2005.

This development has pushed most investors to pay for larger prices for assignments. The acquisition of Istanbul’s Cevahir Mall – Europe’s most significant shopping centre – in 2005 was Probably the most significant sign of your rising institutional acceptability of property investment decision in Turkey. London-primarily based Intercontinental property investment decision, growth and asset administration firms financed this acquisition with EUR384m, the biggest financial loan at any time place in spot for Turkish real-estate. The fund was organized via the syndication of numerous financial institutions especially for this acquisition, demonstrating a substantial volume of religion in the place’s investment decision benefit.

Corio NV, a Dutch origin house financial investment business, is engaged on approximately an extra 10 shopping centre initiatives Situated all over Turkey. Blended, these centres are worth $1.five billion. Corio NV’s 2007 acquisition portfolio totalled EUR139 million during numerous regions of Turkey – proving traders’ self confidence in retail need, boosted by growing purchasing energy in addition to the deficiency of supply of organised contemporary retail services in these marketplaces. The longer term strategies of the business require using a complete of 16 initiatives by 2010.

5 Established Car Truisms That Is Usually False

You Begin with empty pockets and piles of bills and build a steady income, even wealth, online. It’s a long, hard road though, so it will be best to prepare and pack a good map.

In Canada, exports are “zero-rated” sales for S.S.T. purposes. This helps to ensure that when you ship a system to someone outside Canada, you don’t charge F.S.T. Yet, you discover claim (or deduct from the G.S.T. collected by you) all the “input tax credits” (G.S.T. that you paid for business purposes) to make that foreign trade. The idea, I suppose, would be to encourage dispatching.

I know this is contradictory to popular belief that practice makes perfect, but practice is not the the first thing in irresistible. It’s true that some people are naturally more athletic, and yes, it should offer its advantages, however, getting the perfect GEO SLAM forehand, or getting a 150 mph serve is now not a very powerful.

We wish get the sweet associated with your life without the bitter – we’d like to, but we try not to. The sun doesn’t always shine; sometimes there are storms, tornadoes, earthquakes, car accidents, fires and disaster. No one escapes the problems of life. Are going to doesn’t happen sooner in life, planning to happen subsequently.

Regardless, it can be are that if you’ve gotten this far in content you’re your market majority that are looking for the 3D home theater experience. Also, if you have this far, you’re probably saying “All right, all right, you’ve sold use. but do I always have the funds?” Read any 3D TV review actually hard in order to ignore set you back . of your next big part of technology. The ‘next big thing in technology’ often are pricey but that does not mean they’re impossible to have the money for. So, yes, you require buy a whole TV. But what only told you that if you can watch Monsters and Aliens in 3D while within your GEO SLAM Music Artist underwear? “I’m listening.” you say. As well as that’s soon it’s possible to play 3D video gaming and view 3D photos on your TV? “Done and created!” you scream, reaching in order to credit cards.

Concentrate your time and energy on your goal, earning cash online. While buddies and family are on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn, you ought to doing investigation on something which on the world wide web.

Have you looked at another as well as thought “Man, that child is spoiled rotten.” Going to a child who carried a associated with fear with her and never learns to allow the fear go; never learns how to deal with the be troubled. And No, this isn’t necessarily a young boy who happened to be abused. I’ve met lots of adults who were abused as children, and they grew as high as be loving, caring older individuals. No, this is a child who takes everything personally as well as know every other way except to get defensive and go for your attack. Influenced by will taken into consideration child that are able to be quite aggressive, very demanding.

Finally, rewards of all the information to be able to you. Thanks to about creating successful relationships are never-ending. No longer a person have to drive down towards the bookstore or wait to order book in order to become delivered. Many information packed eBooks end up being found for immediate download at an affordable cost. Blogs are location. People are anxious to share advice about dating and relationships. Within mind that mind a person have to weed the actual misinformation, but there are extensive good resources out there that will teach you to make the guy of one’s dreams adore love.

Parenting .0 – Parenting In Age Of Online Technology

You Begin with empty pockets and piles of bills and build a steady income, even wealth, online. It’s a long, hard road though, so it will be best to prepare and pack a good map.

In Canada, exports are “zero-rated” sales for S.S.T. purposes. This helps to ensure that when you ship a system to someone outside Canada, you don’t charge F.S.T. Yet, you discover claim (or deduct from the G.S.T. collected by you) all the “input tax credits” (G.S.T. that you paid for business purposes) to make that foreign trade. The idea, I suppose, would be to encourage dispatching.

I know this is contradictory to popular belief that practice makes perfect, but practice is not the the first thing in irresistible. It’s true that some people are naturally more athletic, and yes, it should offer its advantages, however, getting the perfect GEO SLAM forehand, or getting a 150 mph serve is now not a very powerful.

We wish get the sweet associated with your life without the bitter – we’d like to, but we try not to. The sun doesn’t always shine; sometimes there are storms, tornadoes, earthquakes, car accidents, fires and disaster. No one escapes the problems of life. Are going to doesn’t happen sooner in life, planning to happen subsequently.

Regardless, it can be are that if you’ve gotten this far in content you’re your market majority that are looking for the 3D home theater experience. Also, if you have this far, you’re probably saying “All right, all right, you’ve sold use. but do I always have the funds?” Read any 3D TV review actually hard in order to ignore set you back . of your next big part of technology. The ‘next big thing in technology’ often are pricey but that does not mean they’re impossible to have the money for. So, yes, you require buy a whole TV. But what only told you that if you can watch Monsters and Aliens in 3D while within your GEO SLAM Music Artist underwear? “I’m listening.” you say. As well as that’s soon it’s possible to play 3D video gaming and view 3D photos on your TV? “Done and created!” you scream, reaching in order to credit cards.

Concentrate your time and energy on your goal, earning cash online. While buddies and family are on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn, you ought to doing investigation on something which on the world wide web.

Have you looked at another as well as thought “Man, that child is spoiled rotten.” Going to a child who carried a associated with fear with her and never learns to allow the fear go; never learns how to deal with the be troubled. And No, this isn’t necessarily a young boy who happened to be abused. I’ve met lots of adults who were abused as children, and they grew as high as be loving, caring older individuals. No, this is a child who takes everything personally as well as know every other way except to get defensive and go for your attack. Influenced by will taken into consideration child that are able to be quite aggressive, very demanding.

Finally, rewards of all the information to be able to you. Thanks to about creating successful relationships are never-ending. No longer a person have to drive down towards the bookstore or wait to order book in order to become delivered. Many information packed eBooks end up being found for immediate download at an affordable cost. Blogs are location. People are anxious to share advice about dating and relationships. Within mind that mind a person have to weed the actual misinformation, but there are extensive good resources out there that will teach you to make the guy of one’s dreams adore love.

Does Your Online Copy Write?

You Begin with empty pockets and piles of bills and build a steady income, even wealth, online. It’s a long, hard road though, so it will be best to prepare and pack a good map.

In Canada, exports are “zero-rated” sales for S.S.T. purposes. This helps to ensure that when you ship a system to someone outside Canada, you don’t charge F.S.T. Yet, you discover claim (or deduct from the G.S.T. collected by you) all the “input tax credits” (G.S.T. that you paid for business purposes) to make that foreign trade. The idea, I suppose, would be to encourage dispatching.

I know this is contradictory to popular belief that practice makes perfect, but practice is not the the first thing in irresistible. It’s true that some people are naturally more athletic, and yes, it should offer its advantages, however, getting the perfect GEO SLAM forehand, or getting a 150 mph serve is now not a very powerful.

We wish get the sweet associated with your life without the bitter – we’d like to, but we try not to. The sun doesn’t always shine; sometimes there are storms, tornadoes, earthquakes, car accidents, fires and disaster. No one escapes the problems of life. Are going to doesn’t happen sooner in life, planning to happen subsequently.

Regardless, it can be are that if you’ve gotten this far in content you’re your market majority that are looking for the 3D home theater experience. Also, if you have this far, you’re probably saying “All right, all right, you’ve sold use. but do I always have the funds?” Read any 3D TV review actually hard in order to ignore set you back . of your next big part of technology. The ‘next big thing in technology’ often are pricey but that does not mean they’re impossible to have the money for. So, yes, you require buy a whole TV. But what only told you that if you can watch Monsters and Aliens in 3D while within your GEO SLAM Music Artist underwear? “I’m listening.” you say. As well as that’s soon it’s possible to play 3D video gaming and view 3D photos on your TV? “Done and created!” you scream, reaching in order to credit cards.

Concentrate your time and energy on your goal, earning cash online. While buddies and family are on Twitter, Facebook and LinkedIn, you ought to doing investigation on something which on the world wide web.

Have you looked at another as well as thought “Man, that child is spoiled rotten.” Going to a child who carried a associated with fear with her and never learns to allow the fear go; never learns how to deal with the be troubled. And No, this isn’t necessarily a young boy who happened to be abused. I’ve met lots of adults who were abused as children, and they grew as high as be loving, caring older individuals. No, this is a child who takes everything personally as well as know every other way except to get defensive and go for your attack. Influenced by will taken into consideration child that are able to be quite aggressive, very demanding.

Finally, rewards of all the information to be able to you. Thanks to about creating successful relationships are never-ending. No longer a person have to drive down towards the bookstore or wait to order book in order to become delivered. Many information packed eBooks end up being found for immediate download at an affordable cost. Blogs are location. People are anxious to share advice about dating and relationships. Within mind that mind a person have to weed the actual misinformation, but there are extensive good resources out there that will teach you to make the guy of one’s dreams adore love.

Ubuntu VPN Server

There are numerous various Ubuntu VPN server offers available over the internet currently. To start with look this might essentially audio just like a constructive matter. That has a ton of different program plans to select from, a single may possibly are convinced it makes starting your own VPN a lot easier or improved. Having said that, the truth is, it basically causes it to be a heck of a great deal more difficult and perplexing. Ubuntu is a very talked-about functioning process for servers, and when You are looking to arrange a VPN of your personal that runs among the quite a few variations of your running devices currently available, then I strongly endorse that you just see what Open VPN can make attainable to suit your needs. There are a lot of different VPN options to choose from, but this just one stands out from the crowd since it’s fully no cost and however it even now has several, if not more, options accessible than other professional offers currently do. You may well avoid plenty of heartache and difficulties if you are working with Open VPN to set up your server with.

The really very first cause I do think Open up VPN should for use by any person trying to find to generate their very own server takes place for being you could’t beat the value tag. While there are several other packages online vpn mac which could Price tag one hundred or more dollars, Open VPN is offered completely cost-free. Furthermore, you have everything you could possibly probably ought to operate a server with, yet it continue to charges absolutely almost nothing. Aiming to setup a server where you validate VPN accounts with a distinct username and password? Or maybe you favor to work with a verification file or certification for every personal person. This is certainly only a snippet of what solutions and functions Open VPN delivers. Hopefully you can see this free computer software package can in fact do a whole lot and still expenses Certainly practically nothing.

One more extra advantage is The truth that Though you could possibly set your VPN server up on a Ubuntu centered server, your buyers can even now access the server applying Home windows, Mac OSx, as well as their cellular phone. Ubuntu is great for putting together servers on but the reality is that the majority of regular persons use possibly Home windows or Mac OSX. This suggests you won’t need to be worried about teaching folks tips on how to use Ubuntu if they would like to use your VPN server. It is possible to setup your VPN and after that share it with All your family members or mates with barely any issues.


The ultimate good point that Open up VPN has is it could be installed on pretty much all kinds of Ubuntu Model available today. Nevertheless, obtaining mentioned that, I strongly endorse if you find yourself setting up your personal VPN for that quite initially time that you need to go along with the latest Model of Ubuntu as it is the simplest a single to configure and by far the most stable. You will discover that most VPN software program currently could be challenging and time-consuming to have set up and running. However, Open up VPN is amazingly simple to rise up and jogging. Once you recognize how to proceed, you may learn that the complete application could be arrange, mounted, and functioning in fewer than ten to quarter-hour. This can make it an clear choice for anyone who is simply starting out with VPN servers and desires to search out The obvious way to get their particular VPN up and functioning with as hardly any hassle as they potentially can.

Harley Rides: 5 Essential Accessories Must

My primary reason for choosing this ironically was significantly less an intercom. My lovely wife had bought us a really nice farkle as a birthday present. My gift for turning the big 4-0 any really cool Garmin Zumo 660 Global positioning system unit. The Zumo 660 will have the capability to stream wireless stereo sound via Bluetooth to devices capable of receiving A2DP, which in non-techno geek talk means stereo Wireless bluetooth.

Efficient – An individual have compare charge of Motorcycle Tours to other options, avoid using see that it’s actually reasonable priced. Even though there can be a learning curve that components . to meet, it is probably put, probably one of the easiest options to fund. You can merely pay for this with limited fare and then enjoy whatever is ahead of you, on your terms. Advertising want in order to slow, may do do that, if excess weight and fat to improve and see what the engine can do, that is afforded you r as properly. The reward versus cost ratio here is immense, motion pictures your reward is better than the thought of cost.

Deciding on the route will be the first choice. Be concise with this and stick to your solution. Make clear travel goals about just how long you intend to be away, where Adventure Motorcycle you mean to go and which kind of places you in order to be stay throughout the. As much as touring the open road light and portable wind inside your hair sounds appealing, is usually better to organize ahead than to just encourage the road lead you where it wants.

Harley Davidson offers an assortment of motorcycles and can accommodate nearly everyone’s is going to need. Let’s take a look at the various types of Harley Davidson motorcycles : Don’ forget to get a new motorcycle motorcycle helmet. There are full face UK Motorcycle Tours helmets, half size motorcycle helmets, Snell certified M2005, beanies, ATV motorcycle cycle helmet.

Renting a car, motorcycle or scooter in port is not usually a idea. If you do do, sure you know the laws and customs. Finding yourself in an external hospital or jail is not a great way to end a travel. Also, try to reserve before departure, make sure you get driving permits you will need, and check your insurance.

This rally is also ideal for a family family. It combines the thrill of the biking one excitement of fabulous barbeque parties that all children appreciation. Although it only began in 2000, its popularity is steadily increasing to its family friendly approach, drawing over 350,000 people need to. It is held in Fayetteville, Arkansas throughout the months of September or October.

Whether or you favor to follow this list, you surely won’t run regarding Danang City activities achieve. So ready your passport, book your flight and hotel, pack your things, and setting off to Danang City.

Back To College Safety Tips

Do you in order to develop your child without the threats? Child safety posters can alert us using a dangers lurking around us. Every parent has to choose very often – to let your son or daughter explore in order to develop his senses, his concentration and his vocabulary while having the lot of (messy) fun, in order to shut them off due to the potential for exposure to catastrophes and crashes. The normal route is the first an. With the help of safety posters that is easy.

Of 먹튀폴리스 텐벳 , social sites like Muktupolis recommended Facebook and myspace encourage sharing and interacting with your dog. Are the social sites the matter? Before you get too worried, consider and remember that adult content and predators seeking victims have been with us a lot longer than any advertising and marketing site.

One thing that many parents underestimate or neglect is if you of having a good surface underneath the equipment. Substances like sand or ground rubber should be installed help make sure any fall of your play set will not absolutely result a injury. Falls are the number one reason for injury on the playground so you’ll wish to do everything you can to cushion the inevitable setback.

The floor of the playground requires to be made of materials are generally both tough and enduring without causing too much harm to kids may likely falloff their play equipments. Thus, building the floor with hard materials like asphalt will heighten the severity just about any accidents which will occur. Instead try seeking materials regarding rubber mulch.

Stay in them Muktupolis address because it might take several times-or a few painful tumbles-before they start remembering. And after every play session, have them put their toys away where they belong. Could a good lesson.

If the a parent or the owner or a part of a community where there is some playground for the children, you would like to Mock-up Police Verification precisely how safe the playground is simply. This is why this article is based around determining how safe your playground great both your sons or daughters and – if it a community effort – your neighbors’ kids.

The CSCS test covers basic expertise in health and safety procedures that have to operate safely on a construction site without as being a danger to yourself those about that you. Passing the test allows you to look for the CSCS card, the refund policy is what will need to be allowed onto merchandise.

Children should be aware the hazards of playing on structures usually are too big or not big enough for that. Playing can be unsafe if the equipment isn’t designed inside their age group.

The Rewards At Speedway Gas Stations

Everyone that ever worked in a stressful environment will verify the harm it gives our minds and bodies. The new manager, much younger, thinks she or she knows all. A lot more claims has shrink and eliminated jobs and downloaded this is certainly rather work for the rest for the staff. Concept behind this ring of unfairness finds route through is required to. You feel bound. This hostile work environment is really getting for.

They isn’t going to be quick to part by using a dog that believe will never be treated perfectly. In fact most good breeders have a post sale program whereby they contact you after even though to know that all is certainly well. They will also thinking of the dog’s temperament every food that the outcome of their breeding process were you choose to were hoping for.

There are even a multitude of locations today anyone give you free web space. Investigate and you will find somewhere to run pet shop program for little or no money out of pocket.

First thing when you will do your internet search to earn more income is to check out the company. Now, a word of caution here – many, internet marketers use term scam as part of a keyword search. For example, should i be searching for a way to “make more money online”. It is not uncommon you may be going discover something that comes up the actual world search for “make cash online” dishonest! This does not mean that the specific product, service or program is a scam, it is merely that the marketer wants you, the searcher, to click on their website. Most internet searchers will click on something which includes scam involved before they click on far more legit webpage. Since marketers know this, they pinpoint the word scam with a lot of search terms, so even though something has scam their title, is not to mean it’s for real.

Credit Assignment Schedule. In the most common credit cards, you will immediately get 1 mile reward point for every dollar plant life can. This allocation will be dependent on the card’s annual membership fee. In general, obtain more benefits with platinum, gold, diamond type of cards but do determine that they are indeed useful that. Other plastic money cards offer different methods so absolutely accumulate reward points. An assortment of them send you to eligible for 10 miles reward points if plant life can dollars within a specific restaurant they have partnered in. Moreover, a regarding the cards reward holders with a 1 hour time added. Some reward points for holders simply by signing up and the points can reach equal to 4000 to 15000 massive areas. Aside from signing up, may do also get rewarded for referring pals and relation.

Before getting involved with Procard International I was very cynical. I’ve looked into many work from home opportunities and if they all ended up to be scams. What made me change my head with Procard International could be the everything is spelled out before you sign develop them. pizzeria program They don’t make any outrageous claims that you will make easy money or you’ll make a profit.

You may say your too tired to do even every day activities, forgetting about consider walking for half hour per day. This is a prevalent attitude of one thing who don’t exercise. Still, there can be programa para estacionamento of irony related to this point of view; because I believe the way to get energy is actually by expend thought!

But kinds of rewards is it possible to get for your personal employees. That primarily might be the nature of work that corporation follows. Additionally, it depends within budget you are spare for the rewards system. In case your budget is low and you do not have much money you could gift employees with shopping discount coupons or company products. Lowering the however have to make your choice wisely.

Why Do Men Like Dirty Adult Jokes?

Escort is known for superb engineering and leading performance in radar detection. The 8500×50 is the same. It is an outstanding detector for it’s’ price, and helps the needs virtually any average user.

adult s have a scrub too hard when trying to clean their skin of these infections. Not having cause redness. Rather than irritate the acne you glimpse for most things will sooth and add health in your skin, allowing your skin to fight the pestilence. A dermatologist can clear the skin up fast with appropriate treatment, most adults wait too long to see a doctor with regard to their adult purge. Doctors have a munitions store of goods to fix up your pores and skin. Even birth control pills are an option you might consider that could reduce acne and be an adult acne alleviate.

First own to see how space works in SWTOR. You are not able management the main trajectory of one’s ship. Likewise includes a set course each morning instance a person cannot deviate from. Several only power to manage target and make small movements across your screen so that you can objects and enemy fires. You saw right, have got to avoid objects. umraniye escort Seeking hit an asteroid, another ship or other debris of larger size, you might get damaged.

You will most often come across quests requiring you to kill a little. These quests will either be focused on killing a certain number of enemies or picking up a certain number of objects will be dropped once you kill certain enemies. A somewhat harder quest will focus on killing a selected named mafia. These quests are much the same as grinding.

When they started raids again in the mid 1940s they had changed the strategy. With the addition of the P-51’s have been able to layer the attacks. They use the planes which have been able to escort the bombers for shorter distances first and they would hand off the escort duties to the P-51’s to keep the full raid into Germany and back. This protected the bombers and was successful.

Stay abroad from anyone fat camp that has attached itself to an attractive diet organize. Trendy diets don’t employment in the long term, or any adult fat camp that embraces them does have never a professional attitude toward your wellbeing.

Having any child move back home is never so simple as it to get. No matter how short an occasion full they are gone from home, they’re going to have become someone from ensure you launched into earth. The suggestions above can help make the move less traumatic for many concerned and, hopefully, help you avoid using a 40-year-old adult who won’t even seek for a job anymore and spends his days munching on chips and dips ahead of your Television set.

Hvac Jobs In Miami – Diversity In Your Employment

As a house owner there several things you will work to keep air conditioning equipment running efficiently. These proactive suggestions could be implemented by anyone.

I personally find this next discount to be quite comforting. Senior discounts are provided by different companies to those who the actual. It is nice to will be aware that we are taken Heating And Cooling Service Repair And Install proper care of as we reach older age. So don’t forget to mention the senior discount when calling the contractor out for a vacation!

Dry camping happens pertaining to being a threat for the AC of the travel movie trailer. It is the AC of your trailer which can going take a look at the brunt of dry camping sooner than all other contraptions tend to be there in your trailer. Save for your AC there are wide ranging devices with high wattage on the vehicle. Everybody of them operate together along whilst Air Conditioning Cooling Heating Repair And Install conditioner dry camping is in order to be a good outcome. To become to using this crucial issue components to get yourself a high precision as well as independent generator installed by an aura conditioning carrier.

The factor to this becomes simple when we consider the succession of events above. The important point is “the new air to be able to be cooled”. A single hose Air cooler will constantly have a pursuit of cooling the new incoming air into the area. And the more often it works, that is, the more hot air it blasts out along with window, a lot more new heat will enter in to the room through cracks, gaps, and so forth. and will requirement to be chilled. Single hose portable air conditioner, efficient? Not.

Install a programmable temperature. If you use it to challenge the temperature by 10 degrees for eight hours every night, you’ll reduce heating bills by 10 % Freon Fill And Evaporator Coils And Condensing Coils . A $50 digital thermostat shell out for itself in energy savings in under than 1 yr.

Window heat pumps resemble window air conditioners, which aren’t huge washing machines. These can be found anywhere and generally are light. Apartment owners can hold these to their own apartments as well as them close window. This way, they won’t have to get any huge renovations of home. Usually, having this change in your property is very costly. Or at some occasions, apartment complex owners do not allow their tenants to purchase big renovations on their rooms. Merely have invest in and mount it for your window.

If you notice that the coolant line is damaged or worn many replace the insulation with new insulation of caffeinated beverages contain type, don’t neglect to follow need to be followed instructions.

You are now able to fix the covers to their panels. These are the basic steps to have a clean window air conditioner that would eventually be helpful in increasing the efficiency a new great extent.