Pros and Cons of The 4 Types of 2D Animation

As you would possibly know, there are one of a kind forms of animation, and today I’m going to consciousness at the styles of animation you may do in 2D. Frame-By-Frame, Rotoscoping, Cut Out Animation, And Rigged Characters with Inverse Kinematics.

1. Frame-by using-Frame

This is also called Classical Animation, Traditional Animation or Flip Animation. What you do here is pretty easy, you draw each frame. Ha! Simple, right? I recognize. But wait, there may be a manner to do it. First, you have to recognize your body price, which inside the subsequent example might be 12 fps (frames consistent with 2nd), and for that we are able to need to do 12 drawings for one second.

How to do it: You can try this by means of having the perfect timing of the movement. First, you need a sample (in case you are animating a person jumping, you then need a video of a person leaping).

Once you have the video, there are many ways to calculate time and convert it into frames. My favored is: Stop Motion Works Stopwatch (hyperlink at the quit of this article). In my instance it will be a eight frame jump.

What you do is: You draw the key frames of the skeleton of your better anime man or woman, after which, you continue by means of drawing the in-between frames. Let’s make an example of a girl leaping (best the motion, meaning, no anticipation and no aftermath, to preserve this easy and friendly). You draw the starting pose (body 1), then the person in mid-air (body 5), and finally the landing posture (body 9).

After you have the ones 3 drawings, you draw a the in-among frames. A drawing between starting pose (frame 1), mid-air pose (body five), and touchdown (frame nine). In other phrases, you draw frames three and seven. And in the end, you draw the lacking frames. Easy enough? After the skeleton is lively for all the frames, you add element body with the aid of frame, a touch bit of frame shape, then a extra distinct head on every frame, then the right arm on all of the frames, and so forth. You retain until you’ve got a detailed character on each frame.

Pros: Your restriction is your personal imagination. Characters can do anything you need, have any facial features you want and any pose you may come up with.

Cons: Takes a whole lot of time. Animating 1 2nd can take more than one hours.

2. Rotoscoping

Rotoscoping is some other shape of frame-with the aid of-frame animation. What you do is you take a bit of photos and import it into your favored 2D animation software program. Now, all you do is draw the silhouette of every body. Then you alternative those drawings with a few details that make up your individual. Big nose? Long hair? Fat? Thin?

Pros: You paintings a piece faster, because you don’t should draw the key frames after which the in-between, you simply follow every body; and the movement is very practical, because you simply comply with the footage frame with the aid of body.

Cons: Even though it may be a piece faster than Traditional Animation, you continue to need lots of time to do it, because you need to draw each frame, and also, you begin to get barriers: The individual will only do what the person within the pictures does.

If you need it to do some thing else than what you have got within the pictures, then you’ll should transfer to traditional animation, drawing the important thing frames first, then the in-between.

3. Cutout Animation

This kind of animation takes preparation. You take each angle of your character (front, sides and back) and also you “cut” the individual into its components (subsequently the name Cut Out Animation). For instance, in case you have been to animate the the front aspect, then you could have the top in a single layer, the arms, forehand and fingers for each aspect in a exclusive layer, and so on. This takes time to put together, but the appropriate component is that you do not should draw each frame, you handiest put together once and then you definitely animate the character as though it become a puppet.

Pros: It’s way quicker to animate, because you do not ought to draw every body, you only draw your individual and every facial expression once, and after the “puppet” is ready, you can start animating.

Cons: It can take a a while to put together and the individual is limited by means of the rig. That way, you can’t placed her in any position you could imagine, best those you could obtain with the rig. Another disadvantage is that it is no longer the fastest manner to animate, because in case you want to move his hand, you then want to rotate the shoulder, then the arm, then the forearm until you get the hand to the area you want.

Four. Rigged Characters (the use of Inverse Kinematics)

This form of animation is the fastest to gain. Software like Toon Boom or Animation Studio have a variety of equipment that assist you rig a man or woman with inverse kinematics and automate facial expressions.

Inverse kinematics are the opposite of forward kinematics (used in Cut Out animation). In Cut Out animation, in case you want the hand to be in a role, you have to rotate the shoulder, then forearm and so forth. Inverse Kinematics let you click on on the hand and move it to the location you need, and the positions and rotations of the shoulder, arm and forearm are robotically calculated by mathematical formulas.

Pros: You animate at pinnacle speed. With only some clicks and drags.

Cons: It takes longer to put together than the cut out animation, but cuts your operating time exponentially. Another disadvantage is which you have limits, you can simplest do what the Rig lets in you to. You cannot flow the individual into any position you could consider, however handiest into the ones allowed via the rig.


You cannot have all of it. You both have unlimited movement, but massive time investment, or you get constrained movement with little time funding. These are the options you’ve got. And for the record, Disney movies use frame via body, however the shows you see on TV, because they’re underneath agenda, they use a mixture among Rigged Characters and Frame by means of Frame, depending on the shot they’re operating on.